09. Indsats og virkning på døgninstitutioner for børn og unge - english abstract
PAPER 9 Efforts and Effects on Children and Young in Residential Homes
Efforts and Effects on Children and Young in Residential Homes
By Helle Schjellerup Nielsen, PhD Fellow, Department of Education, DPU, University of Aarhus, Denmark
The paper is a review of previous research concerning 'what works' in social pedagogical work with institutionalised children and adolescents in residential care. Much international research on residential care indicates that efforts aimed at children and adolescents in such institutions are likely to have an effect if they are multi-facetted, contextual and adopt a holistic perspective. In fact, the greatest challenge seems to be the transition between the institutional life and everyday life outside the institution both during and after the placement.
Overall, the review points to four types of interventions which results suggest are worth improving. Changes can profitably be directed at intervention by 1) creating a correlation between the institutional life and society, 2) improving interdisciplinary collaboration between family, school, spare time, institution and administrations, 3) cooperating and involving the family in the treatment and placement and 4) ensuring aftercare, i.e. the establishment of resources in the child's home environment to which s/he returns after ended treatment.